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What is Anemia?

Anemia is a medical term that means that a person  does not  have enough red blood cells. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin which is a protein that carries oxygen from your lungs to the tissue and organs in your body.

Anemia is a common disorder that can be temporary or long term. it can range from mild to severe. There are different types of anemia. The most common form of anemia is due to iron deficiency. 


Common Symptoms of Anemia
 
  • Feeling weak and tired
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Headache
  • Dizziness or fainting
 
Anemia and Surgery

Anemia can be seen in 30-70% of patients going for surgery. After surgery, anemia is even more common.  

Patients who are anemic before surgery are more likely to require a blood transfusion, have a higher risk of infection and complications, and have longer hospital stays


Treating anemia  before surgery is important if you are undergoing surgery that can have significant blood loss. Examples of this are total hip replacement, total knee replacement and cardiac surgery.     

If you are scheduled for surgery talk to your health care provider about your hemoglobin. count.
 
How Do You Know If You Are Anemic


Talk to your healthcare provider. They can order the appropriate blood tests   


 How is Anemia Treated?

The treatment for anemia varies depending on its  cause. Your health care provider will develop a treatment plan that is best for you

 
Resources


Iron Deficiency Anemia: Information for patients and families (click on the link)


























































































































































































 














































































































































































































































 
 

Legal disclaimer: This site has been developed for informational and educational purposes only. The site is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment

© 2018. Ontario Transfusion Coordinators. All rights reserved.